By Ben Zimmer
Biblical teaching according to the New Testament is the further explaining of the gospel. While preaching can and should include teaching, teaching most often occurs outside the unidirectional form of preaching. Different from preaching, teaching is often more bi-directional and interactive in its form. While the message is unchanged, the act of teaching can shape itself to match the learning capabilities of its audience. Both teaching and proclamation arise from the great indicatives of Scripture and include the resulting imperatives. The essence of biblical teaching must not be mistaken for mere imperatives; for, in every instance of use in the positive sense, the word teaching presents imperatives as the outflow of the indicative. Thus, teaching and proclamation two forms of conveying and explaining the gospel itself.
To confuse the early church document widely known as the Didache with the usage of the Greek word “didache” in the New Testament writings is to commit a grave error. Indeed, it is akin to mistaking the metaphorical use of “big apple” in reference to Manhattan with all other occurrences of that phrase in the English language. The true biblical didache in truth is not the errant first century literary work, but rather the form and explication of the gospel itself.